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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 17, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from
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small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> somalia warns kenya against sending troops across the border, but reports suggest they've already gone into this search of al-shabab militants. heavy fighting in yemen's capital between loyalists of the president and forces opposed to his rule. british indycar driver dan wheldon is killed in a multicar pileup at a race in las vegas. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm geeta guru-murthy. also in this program -- could the bask separatist group et-ta be about to disband? we'll have an update from spain. and every five hours on average, a child dies from abuse or neglect in the united states. we have a special report.
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>> somalia's warned kenya against sending troops across the border to tackle al-shabab militants, which it blames for a series of kidnappings of foreigners. but eyewitness reports say they've already gone. kenyan troops, armored vehicles, and helicopters are seen entering somalia on sunday. the somali diplomat at the u.n. has told the bbc any such incursion would be a serious breach of the country's sovereignty. >> what the somali government is doing the best that it can so far, and as you know that, somalia is now in a serious crisis that the government is trying to extend it the rule of law into that area of the country. in any case, there's no reason why another country, while it's
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the territory of another country, whatever the reason may be, but at the same time, the somali government is very understandable right now on the ground, -- but to take it to that level of invading another country is a different thing. >> our correspondent, will ross, is in nairobi. will, come to the political tension in a moment, but just first want to broader point the problem of kidnappings, very much been in the news in the region. can this sort of military activity actually do anything about that? >> it's a good question, because there have been four kidnappings in recent weeks, and we don't have any concrete proof that the somali islamist group al-shabab was behind those attacks. but the kenyan government has said yes, al-shabab carried out the kidnappings, and we're going after the al-shabab fighters, we're going to take them on inside somalia, and pushed them back as far as we
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can from the border. but many people would say, look, this area inside somalia is so full of banditry, men running around with guns, how on earth do you know who was kidnapped? the four foreign nationals over the past four weeks. so perhaps the kenyans are finding a rather convenient excuse to go after al-shabab, which is, after all, an al qaeda-linked group which is on the u.s. terror watch list, so this kind of an incursion wouldn't cause as many ripples as perhaps an incursion aimed at flushing out bandits. >> and we have seen these words exchanged between somalia and kenya on this military activity. is there real tensions here or is this just posturing for internal benefits? >> i think probably the latter, yes. i mean, it seems unthinkable that kenya would send a large amount of troops and air power into somalia without the consent of the government of
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somalia in mogadishu. i think both countries have completely different messages to send out. as we heard from the diplomat there, the somali diplomat, the somalis are also fighting against al-shabab in the border area, so they don't want to appear to be doing nothing. they are probably working in some way with the kenyans, not clear quite how closely together they're working. whereas for the kenyan government, it's trying to send a message to its own people that, yes, we've had some problems in the border areas, but we take our security seriously. so i think what we're probably going to be seeing is a fairly short-term military operation, perhaps just a few days, the kenyans want to push al-shabab fighters back as far as possible from the border and then get out. but for ordinary kenyans, some of them are worried that if kenya becomes embroiled in this very complicated conflict in somalia, it could make kenya more of a target for al-shabab attacks. >> ok, will ross, thank you very much there, in nairobi. there's been heavy fighting in
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the yemeni capital between troops loyal to president saleh and forces opposed to his rule. the fighting began shortly after midnight. it follows a weekend of violence as demonstrators marched towards zones of the capital. the editor in chief of the "yemen post," i talked to him and asked him what's happened the last few years. >> they've been quiet compared to what we saw last night. i know over the last 16 years, where government forces fiercely attacked opposition posts, residential offices, came away with processing, it's more unleashing everyone on everyone because they feel that the council is finally serious in getting rid of this regime, so this is the last attempt to stay in power.
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>> is it clear to you how many people have been injured or killed? >> over the last two years, hundreds have been injured by gunshot wounds, at least 24 killed over the last two days by government forces. most of those were civilians who were closest to sanaa, so it's been a bad day for those seeking change in this part of the world. >> he had tore of the "yemen post." forces loyal to libya's interim authorities say they've entered bani walid, one of the last towns still loyal to colonel gaddafi. they met heavy resistance from loyalists to gaddafi in the town, which is 170 kilometers southeast of the capital. a pro-gaddafi tv channel has confirmed the death of the deposed leader's youngest son. r.i. television, based in
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syria, says he was killed in a battle with national transitional council fighters at the end of august. the arab league has called on the government and opposition in syria to take part in a national dialogue to find an end to the violence there. at an emergency meeting in cairo, arab foreign ministers decided not to suspend him from the organization, but they did urge all parties to hold talks within the next couple of weeks. he's 57 and has never held a government job, but francois hollande has won the race to represent the socialists. the socialists are doing well in the polls at the moment, but can hollande really beat nicolas sarkozy? from paris, hugh schofield reports. >> so it's decided. francois hollande is the man vested with all the hopes of the french left to take on sarkozy in april's presidential election. the result of the primary was emphatic for mr. hollande, the
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perfect springboard as he sets about his quest to be a leader. >> i note with pride and with responsibility tonight's vote, which was more than 55%, gives me the solid majority i had sought. this victory gives me the strength and the legitimacy to prepare the great challenge of the presidential elections. >> some have feared that the priory would only expose the division, but the defeated candidate, martine aubrey, was quick to concede. for her, the watch word of the party unity. >> with the project that we unanimously adopted on the eve of the primary, we have given a sense to our fight, but also a sense of the change that we're preparing for may 2012 with our primaries. we have a name, francois hollande.
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he has the hopes of the socialist and of the left. the hour is now on for unity. >> french socialists are desperate for power. they haven't held the presidency since 1995, and today, with polls showing president sarkozy's enduring unpopularity, party faithful are beginning to sense doom. >> we've waited a long time for him to assert himself, and finally he's won. today we're very happy. >> i'm for the people from my party. and i'm hopeful for the future, what's going to happen in the next few months and what's going to happen after. >> there's a long way to go yet for francois hollande. he's never once served in government. critics say he lacks substance, and president sarkozy is a fearsome opponent. but for now, the moment is his. hugh schofield, bbc news,
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paris. >> jamie is here. president sarkozy, of course, amongst others very much involved in this euro crisis. >> absolutely. sarkozy will hopefully come in the next seven days, will come one some kind of plan, which was reflect what was decided at the g-20 meeting this past weekend. effectively, they're going to hopefully come up with an idea of recapitalizing the banks, also rescuing greece, which probably means restructuring the debt, which probably means all the banks who have got debt on their books, taking what's kind as a hack-up, i.e., getting less back on the money, and finally, increasing the rescue fund, the big pot of money which is met to be bailing out the banks or the sovereign debt. so, at the end of this week, we're expected to see some kind of resolution. this is the seven days to save the world, which has been going on. now, interesting, the market reaction to this. on one hand, a lot of people saying we can't see how this is going to be done. on the other hand, the markets
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are very optimistic. we're at the highest level now for the ftse. i'm not sure we can get the markets occupant screen, but the ftse is up over 5,500, which hasn't really really for quite some time, optimism and cynicism all in the same place. and i want to mention portugal, because we got their budget today. very heavy, austerity cuts here. for instance, they're going to be taking two-year suspension of public workers' holiday party and christmas pay. it amounts to a two-month salary cut on public sector workers. >> wow, that's huge. thank you very much indeed. now, it's a dangerous sport, and it's taken the lives of one of its young stars. british indycar driver dan wheldon has been killed in a huge crash while racing in the u.s. dan wheldon was racing for a $5 million prize. starting at the back, he had to overtake every other indycar in the race. he was fast moving up the field when this happened. >> oh, here he goes!
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and a huge crash! >> up in turn number two. oh, multiple cars involved. >> a collision at 200 miles an hour became a catastrophic crash in just a few seconds. almost half the cars were involved. dan wheldon's car flew through the air, flipped, and burst into flames. paramedics were there immediately, and the 33-year-old was airlifted to the hospital. but the news came two hours later. >> indycar is very sad to announce that dan wheldon has passed away. our thoughts and prayers are with his family today. indycar, its drivers and team owners has decided to end the race. >> the remaining cars did five laps of honor in his memory. it's been five years since the last indycar driver was killed, and dan wheldon was one of the
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best. the crash, one of the worst in recent memory, that affected the crowd and the drivers alike. earlier this year, he won the indy 500 race, the big els on the calendar for the second time, but this was only his third race of the season. the $5 million las vegas challenge, his idea. tributes to dan wheldon's racing skill have been coming in from across the world. he leaves a wife and two young children. >> sad news there. we've got more of the sport that's going on. andy murray, he's looking good. >> yes, he's up to number three in the world rankings that have just come out. he has been at number two before, but it was roger federer above him. this time he's overtaken roger federer, so he's now fourth. andy murray is third. this all happened because andy murray won the shanghai masters on sunday. he beat david if herer in
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straight sets, so that moves him up to the third-ranked spot. he's actually never finished the year in the world number three spot. he's always been just below that, so this was one of his aims for the year. >> did he have much of a following? >> i think he would have he won a grand slam. you've got novak djokovic, who has been phenomenal, so he's a bit of a joke other tour, so everyone really loves him. federer and nadal, you got people in great britain who would prefer federer to win something than andy murray. his profile is changing. he's won a lot of tournaments in asia, so the asian fans do like him. he's won three tournament natural row, thailand, japan, and now shanghai. he's also won through the middle east. so he does have fans around different parts. >> another young brit. >> 20 years old, just won the portugal masters. he's only been on the tour for three events, and he's already won one of them. he moves up from 621st to 166th in the world, so 20 years old and winning his first tournament in portugal on
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sunday as well. >> brilliant. well done, him. thanks very much indeed. you're watching "bbc world news." still to come -- feeding the faithful, the role a new york pizza restaurant is playing in street protests against corporate greed. >> near britain, members of parliament have a full debate on the football tragedy. overcrowding at a stadium cost the lives of 96 liverpool fans some 22 years ago. the debate was triggered by an online petition calling for full disclosure of government documents about the tragedy. >> for 22 long years, liverpool has mourned those who died, sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, parents, a mourning still full of questions, a story many here believe is only half told. margaret's son james died there. he was 18 years old. that was his first away game. >> my son went to football and ended up losing hi life, coming
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home to his mum five days later in a coffin. that's the only words i can use to say why we are fighting. >> one of the concerns is the inquest themselves and the drawing of the 315 deadline, which he bend which no further information was taken. the second is the suspicion of a conspiracy between police and government and newspapers, as there was a desire to depict the family themselves, the victims, if you like, at their own disaster. >> to answer those questions, the labor government set up an independent panel. many here believe cabinet documents about briefings for then-prime minister margaret thatcher had on the policing of the event could be crucial. so much so, almost 140,000 people have now signed an internet petition demanding those papers be made available. the government insists they will be. >> greek unions are lashing out
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at this government with protests, strikes, and military buildings ahead of a key vote on new austerity measures there, protesting civil servants have continued occupations of the finance and labor ministry buildings. the country has come to understand that rubbish isn't being collected. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines for you now -- somalia officials have warned kenya against sending troops across the border to tackle al-shabab militants. and troops loyal to the yemeni president and forces opposed to his rule have been engaged in heavy fighting across much of the capital. now, every five hours on average a child dies from abuse or neglect in the united states. the latest government figures show an estimated 1,770 children were killed as a result of maltreatment in 2009,
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but the real number could be even higher. why does the u.s. have the worst child abuse record in the industrialized world? the bbc's natalia investigates what doctors and children's campaigns are calling an epidemic of child death. >> she was 4 years old. she had her whole life in front of her. >> in 2009, emma thompson was beaten to death. her mother is serving a 20-year prison term for failing to protect her daughter. her boyfriend is in jail for life for raping and killing emma. emma's father remembers the last time he saw her. >> she just said yes >> but emma is just one story.
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every year, hundreds of children die in the world's richest democracy, killed by people who are meant to care for them. this doctor runs an abuse and neglect clinic at dallas children's hospital. he sees on average five children a day. >> there are days i'm still shocked. a major epidemic that we need to get on so it doesn't continue to spiral out of control. >> child abuse is a crime like no other. it's difficult to detect, even more difficult to investigate, and it's extremely hard to come to terms with. no family, no community wants to admit that it's failing to protect its children. but in the u.s., many warn it's become a national crisis. and at this congressional hearing, they concluded that as many as 2,500 children are dying from abuse every year, many more than in western europe. experts say prevention is key.
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but instead, many states are now cutting programs like this one. crystal is a nurse who, once a week, visits this boy because he fits the state of texas criteria for child at risk. only one person in this family has a job, no one has health insurance, and his parents are teenagers. they say they need this help. >> at this point, lots of new parents will get so frustrated. >> while prevention programs are being cut, reports of abuse are on the rise. millions of american children are being left without a safety net, let down by their families and by politicians. until that changes, every five hours a child will die from abuse in the u.s. before we left texas, another boy was beaten to death outside dallas. brandon was 2 years old. natalia antelava, bbc news,
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texas. >> well, if you want to find out more about this stressing figures, do go to the website, bbc.com/news. you can find out more about the scale of the abuse, about information on how victims are affected, and advice on how to identify and stop these terrible acts going on, bbc.com/news. now, an internationally backed conference being held in spain today could pave the way for the bask separatist group to disband. etta is expected to make an announcement that could allow the group's political wing to leave a peaceful fight for independence. the bbc's sarah rainsford said there are mixed readings ahead of the conference. >> on the one hand, there's a huge amount of expectation around this conference and what might happen after the conference, but also, a lot of people are urging caution, saying it's unlikely perhaps that etta will make what many people are asking for here, which is the announcement of its unconditional surrender,
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its dissolution, and the handover of arms. certainly there's an expectation there will be a significant announcement from etta, already on cease-fire. they announced that back in january. nobody has been killed by etta in spain for more than two years. but the step to then disbanding is, of course, a major one. this international peace conference is not one that's been called by the government. it's been called by an independent group in the basque group themselves. the hope of the organizers is this can be a significant impulse toward peace in the basque country and it might be followed then by an announcement which will bring that much closer. >> sarah rainsford in madrid. as protests spread in cities around the world, the number of people involved has been growing. some demonstrators have capitalized in -- have camped out in new york for many weeks
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now. they've had to find rather creative solutions. laura trevelyan reports. >> i don't know if you've been wondering what the protesters occupy wall street eat. well, it's pizza. there is a man who is keeping them from going hungry, and that's telly. telly owns this pizza joint here just a few blocks away from the site of the protest in zuccotti park. how come you're making all these pizzas for the protesters? >> one is i believe in freedom of speech. it's what made this country what it is. and everybody has to value other people's opinions. you can never turn a blind eye to anybody. how could i say no? this is what i'm here for. >> how many pizzas a day are you making for the protesters? >> it's a slow and steady increase week by week. it started off 100 a day, then the next week 125, 150, and now i think i'm up to like 200, 225
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a day. >> and the way that it works is fascinating, isn't it? what occupy wall street has done is to ask their supporters around the world and around america to call here, buy pizzas on their credit cards, and then you deliver them to the protesters in zuccotti park. >> yep. it's pretty interesting how it all turned out. they also order online as well. so people could just click away , and i have made it special. it's called the occupy, which is -- >> what's in the occupy? >> it's pepperoni with a line around the middle and pepperoni around the crust, like a no sign. i give it for $15. i sell people from all over the world and all over the country ordering. some of them don't have that much money, and i'm like, i'm not going to take advantage of this. i'm not going to be greedy. i am going to give them a reduced price.
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let people donate and feel comfortable and not worry about anything for a good cause. >> now, the protesters are not popular with all the local businesses. there have been complaints that they're untidy, dirty. what's your take on the protesters? >> what you give is what you get f. you're going to be nice to them and respect them, they're going to respect you too. >> we would like to thank them for 60 pies! >> laura trevelyan. now, a british man who holds the over 90 men's world record for running a marathon has finish i had his latest race at the age of 100. he's the oldest competitor in the marathon in canada. he finished in just under 8 1/2 hours, beating five other
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runners. it puts his success down to ginger curry, cups of tea, and being happy. much more at the website, bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. lets use energy more efficiently. lets go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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